Search JMU Web | Find JMU People | Site Index   

Browse by Alphabet

 A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W


  Abilities
Cross Sources:  Measurement
Definition:  Latent traits of performance on a test which are not directly measurable; also used in context of knowledge, skills, and abilities where abilities are a complex set of skills
Reference:  Hambleton, R. K., & Swaminathan, H. (1985).
  Ability to work in groups
Cross Sources:  Cooperative learning
Definition:  Cooperative learning is a successful teaching strategy in which small teams, each with students of different levels of ability, use a variety of learning activities to improve their understanding of a subject. Each member of a team is responsible not only for learning what is taught but also for helping teammates learn, thus creating an atmosphere of achievement.
Reference:  U.S. Department of Education Office of Educational Research and Improvement. (1992).
  Ability to work independently
Cross Sources:  Workplace skills
Definition:  Ability to work as an individual towards the completion of a project, goal, or objective.
Reference:  
  Absolute decision
Cross Sources:  Criterion referenced, Generalizability theory, Relative decision
Definition:  Decision based on the absolute level of performance in reference to a criterion; not norm referenced
Reference:  Shavelson, R.J., & Webb, N.M. (1991).
  Academic program review
Cross Sources:  Evaluation, Accountability
Definition:  Periodic peer evaluation of the effectiveness of an educational degree program usually encompassing student learning, faculty research, scholarship, and service, and assessment resources
Reference:  
  Accountability
Cross Sources:  Academic Program review, Accreditation, Assessment, Evaluation, Summative evaluation
Definition:  Use of results for program continuance/discontinuance; the public reporting of student, program, or institutional data to justify decisions or policies; using results to determining funding.
Reference:  
  Accreditation
Cross Sources:  Academic Program review, Accountability, Assessment, Evaluation, Summative evaluation
Definition:  A certification awarded by an external, recognized organization, that the institution or program meets certain requirements overall, or in a particular discipline
Reference:  
  Achievement
Cross Sources:  Assessment, Higher order and cognitive development, Educational success
Definition:  The attainment of new knowledge or understanding as the result of an educational process
Reference:  
  Activity-based costing
Cross Sources:  Accountability
Definition:  Processes or activities (which use resource inputs to produce outputs) is one of the operating expenses of a university and must be considered in managerial/funding decisions.
Reference:  Balderston, F.E. (1995).
  Advanced placement exams
Cross Sources:  Formative assessment
Definition:  Test and assessments given at the beginning of an instructional segment to determine to what extent students have already achieved the objectives of the planned instruction, so that they may be place in more advanced course work.
Reference:  Linn, R.L., & Gronlund, N.E. (2000).
  Affective
Cross Sources:  Cognitive development, Self-concept, Self-esteem
Definition:  Any category of feeling, as distinct from cognition or behavior. The display of affect is a set of physical changes, which indicates an emotional state.
Reference:  Stratton, P., & Hayes, N. (1993).
  Alternate forms
Cross Sources:  Parallel forms
Definition:  Two forms of the same test, both of which measure the same construct
Reference:  McDonald, R.P. (1999).
  Analytical skills
Cross Sources:  Critical thinking
Definition:  The ability to discover the underlying structure of an argument, a communication, a problem, or a solution.
Reference:  
  Angoff
Cross Sources:  Angoff modified, Bookmark, Body of Work, Competency, Standard setting
Definition:  A standard-setting procedure, which requires participants to review test items and to provide estimation of the proportion of a subpopulation of examinees who would answer the item correctly.
Reference:  Cizek, G. J. (1996).
  Angoff (modified)
Cross Sources:  Angoff, Bookmark, Body of Work, Competency, Standard setting
Definition:  A modification of the Angoff procedure; modified Angoffs often include two or more rounds of ratings
Reference:  Cizek, G. J. (1996).
  Assessment
Cross Sources:  Evaluation, Accountability, Accreditation, Institutional effectiveness, Institutional research
Definition:  The systematic process of determining educational objectives, gathering, using, and analyzing information about student learning outcomes to make decisions about programs, individual student progress, or accountability
Reference:  Erwin, T.D. (1991).
  Attainment
Cross Sources:  Educational success, Completion
Definition:  To gain or accomplish credit or a credential, such as a certificate or degree or educational level.
Reference:  
  Attrition
Cross Sources:  Drop out, Retention, Stop out
Definition:  Loss of students through means other than graduation
Reference:  
  Authentic assessment
Cross Sources:  Performance Assessment
Definition:  Assessment technique involving the gathering of data though systematic observation of a behavior or process and evaluating that data based on a clearly articulated set of performance criteria to serve as the basis for evaluative judgments
Reference:  Berk, R.A. (1986).



For any comments regarding new terms or suggested definitions for this Dictionary, please write to :   assessment@jmu.edu. Thank you.