|  Abilities |
| Cross Sources:  Measurement|
Definition:  Latent traits of performance on a test which are not directly measurable; also used in context of knowledge, skills, and abilities where abilities are a complex set of skills
Reference:  Hambleton, R. K., & Swaminathan, H. (1985).
|  Ability to work in groups |
| Cross Sources:  Cooperative learning|
Definition:  Cooperative learning is a successful teaching strategy in which small teams, each with students of different levels of ability, use a variety of learning activities to improve their understanding of a subject. Each member of a team is responsible not only for learning what is taught but also for helping teammates learn, thus creating an atmosphere of achievement.
Reference:  U.S. Department of Education Office of Educational Research and Improvement. (1992).
|  Ability to work independently |
| Cross Sources:  Workplace skills|
Definition:  Ability to work as an individual towards the completion of a project, goal, or objective.
|  Absolute decision |
| Cross Sources:  Criterion referenced, Generalizability theory, Relative decision|
Definition:  Decision based on the absolute level of performance in reference to a criterion; not norm referenced
Reference:  Shavelson, R.J., & Webb, N.M. (1991).
|  Academic program review |
| Cross Sources:  Evaluation, Accountability|
Definition:  Periodic peer evaluation of the effectiveness of an educational degree program usually encompassing student learning, faculty research, scholarship, and service, and assessment resources
|  Accountability |
| Cross Sources:  Academic Program review, Accreditation, Assessment, Evaluation, Summative evaluation|
Definition:  Use of results for program continuance/discontinuance; the public reporting of student, program, or institutional data to justify decisions or policies; using results to determining funding.
|  Accreditation |
| Cross Sources:  Academic Program review, Accountability, Assessment, Evaluation, Summative evaluation|
Definition:  A certification awarded by an external, recognized organization, that the institution or program meets certain requirements overall, or in a particular discipline
|  Achievement |
| Cross Sources:  Assessment, Higher order and cognitive development, Educational success|
Definition:  The attainment of new knowledge or understanding as the result of an educational process
|  Activity-based costing |
| Cross Sources:  Accountability|
Definition:  Processes or activities (which use resource inputs to produce outputs) is one of the operating expenses of a university and must be considered in managerial/funding decisions.
Reference:  Balderston, F.E. (1995).
|  Advanced placement exams |
| Cross Sources:  Formative assessment|
Definition:  Test and assessments given at the beginning of an instructional segment to determine to what extent students have already achieved the objectives of the planned instruction, so that they may be place in more advanced course work.
Reference:  Linn, R.L., & Gronlund, N.E. (2000).
|  Affective |
| Cross Sources:  Cognitive development, Self-concept, Self-esteem|
Definition:  Any category of feeling, as distinct from cognition or behavior. The display of affect is a set of physical changes, which indicates an emotional state.
Reference:  Stratton, P., & Hayes, N. (1993).
|  Alternate forms |
| Cross Sources:  Parallel forms|
Definition:  Two forms of the same test, both of which measure the same construct
Reference:  McDonald, R.P. (1999).
|  Analytical skills |
| Cross Sources:  Critical thinking|
Definition:  The ability to discover the underlying structure of an argument, a communication, a problem, or a solution.
|  Angoff |
| Cross Sources:  Angoff modified, Bookmark, Body of Work, Competency, Standard setting|
Definition:  A standard-setting procedure, which requires participants to review test items and to provide estimation of the proportion of a subpopulation of examinees who would answer the item correctly.
Reference:  Cizek, G. J. (1996).
|  Angoff (modified) |
| Cross Sources:  Angoff, Bookmark, Body of Work, Competency, Standard setting|
Definition:  A modification of the Angoff procedure; modified Angoffs often include two or more rounds of ratings
Reference:  Cizek, G. J. (1996).
|  Assessment |
| Cross Sources:  Evaluation, Accountability, Accreditation, Institutional effectiveness, Institutional research|
Definition:  The systematic process of determining educational objectives, gathering, using, and analyzing information about student learning outcomes to make decisions about programs, individual student progress, or accountability
Reference:  Erwin, T.D. (1991).
|  Attainment |
| Cross Sources:  Educational success, Completion|
Definition:  To gain or accomplish credit or a credential, such as a certificate or degree or educational level.
|  Attrition |
| Cross Sources:  Drop out, Retention, Stop out|
Definition:  Loss of students through means other than graduation
|  Authentic assessment |
| Cross Sources:  Performance Assessment|
Definition:  Assessment technique involving the gathering of data though systematic observation of a behavior or process and evaluating that data based on a clearly articulated set of performance criteria to serve as the basis for evaluative judgments
Reference:  Berk, R.A. (1986).